What are the 7 main types of insurance ?

7 Main Types of Insurance

7 Types of Insurance are ; Life Insurance or Personal Insurance, Property Insurance, Marine Insurance, Fire Insurance, Liability Insurance, Guarantee Insurance. Insurance is categorized based on risk, type, and hazards.

 

What Are The 7 Types of Insurance Business are;

  1. Life Insurance or Personal Insurance.
  2. Property Insurance.
  3. Marine Insurance.
  4. Fire Insurance.
  5. Liability Insurance.
  6. Guarantee Insurance.
  7. Social Insurance.

These are explained below.

What is Life Insurance ?

There are two basic types of Life Insurance plans –

  1. 1. Pure Protection
  2. 2. Protection and Savings

 

What is Pure Protection Plan?

A Pure Protection plan is designed to secure your family’s future by providing a lump sum amount, in your absence.

What is Protection and Savings Plan?

A Protection and Savings plan is a financial tool that helps you plan for your long-term goals like purchasing a home, funding your children’s education, and more, while offering the benefits of a Life Cover.

 

Click here to know more about different types of Life Insurance Plans.

Let us understand some commonly used terms in Life Insurance:

  • Life Assured: It is the person who is covered under the insurance policy
  • Proposer: It is the person who pays the premiums of the policy. For example: If you have bought the policy for yourself, then you are both the Life Assured as well as the Proposer. Similarly, if you purchase an insurance policy for a family member, then you are the proposer and the family member is the Life Assured.
  • Nominee or Beneficiary: It is the person you appoint at the time of buying the policy to receive the benefits of your insurance policy, in your absence.
  • Insurer: The insurance company that sells the life insurance policy is called the Insurer (for example, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance).
  • Life Cover: It is the amount that the Insurer will pay to your Nominee in case of an unfortunate event.
  • Maturity Benefit: For Protection + Savings policies, the Insurer pays a certain lump sum of money on completion of the policy term. This amount is known as the Maturity Amount.
  • Premium: A premium is the amount you pay to the insurer for receiving the benefits of the insurance policy. These payments can be made on a regular basis throughout the policy duration, for a limited number of years or just once, as per the options available under the policy you choose.
  • Premium Payment Term: The number of years for which you pay the premiums is known as the Premium Payment Term.
  • Policy Term: The number of years for which the Life Cover continues.

What is General Insurance ?

General insurance includes Property Insurance, Liability Insurance, and Other Forms of Insurance.

Fire and Marine Insurances are strictly called Property Insurance. Motor, Theft, Fidelity and Machine Insurances include the extent of liability insurance to a certain extent.

The strictest form of liability insurance is fidelity insurance, whereby the insurer compensates the loss to the insured when he is under the liability of payment to the third party.




What is Property Insurance ?

Under the property insurance property of person/persons are insured against a certain specified risk. The risk may be fire or marine perils, theft of property or goods damage to property at the accident.

What is Marine Insurance ?

Marine insurance provides protection against the loss of marine perils.

The marine perils are; collision with a rock or ship, attacks by enemies, fire, and captured by pirates, etc. these perils cause damage, destruction or disappearance of the ship and cargo and non-payment of freight.

So, marine insurance insures ship (Hull), cargo and freight.

Previously only certain nominal risks were insured but now the scope of marine insurance had been divided into two parts; Ocean Marine Insurance and Inland Marine Insurance.

The former insures only the marine perils while the latter covers inland perils which may arise with the delivery of cargo (gods) from the go-down of the insured and may extend up to the receipt of the cargo by the buyer (importer) at his go down.

What is Fire Insurance ?

Fire Insurance covers the risk of fire.

In the absence of fire insurance, the fire waste will increase not only to the individual but to the society as well.

With the help of fire insurance, the losses arising due to fire are compensated and the society is not losing much.

The individual is preferred from such losses and his property or business or industry will remain approximately in the same position in which it was before the loss.

The fire insurance does not protect only losses but it provides certain consequential losses also war risk, turmoil, riots, etc. can be insured under this insurance, too.

What is Liability Insurance ?

The general Insurance also includes liability insurance whereby the insured is liable to pay the damage of property or to compensate for the loss of persona; injury or death.

This insurance is seen in the form of fidelity insurance, automobile insurance, and machine insurance, etc.

What is Social Insurance ?

The social insurance is to provide protection to the weaker sections of the society who are unable to pay the premium for adequate insurance.

Pension plans, disability benefits, unemployment benefits, sickness insurance, and industrial insurance are the various forms of social insurance.

Insurance can be classified into 4 categories from the risk point of view.

What is Personal Insurance ?

The personal insurance includes insurance of human life which may suffer a loss due to death, accident, and disease

Therefore, personal insurance is further sub-classified into life insurance, personal accident insurance, and health insurance.

What is Property Insurance ?

The property of an individual and of the society is insured against loss of fire and marine perils, the crop is insured against an unexpected decline in deduction, unexpected death of the animals engaged in business, break-down of machines and theft of the property and goods.

What is Guarantee Insurance ?

The guarantee insurance covers the loss arising due to dishonesty, disappearance, and disloyalty of the employees or second party. The party must be a party to the contract.

His failure causes loss to the first party.

For example, in export insurance, the insurer will compensate the loss at the failure of the importers to pay the amount of debt.

Other Forms of Insurance

Besides the property and liability insurances, there are other insurances that are included in general insurance.

Examples of such insurances are export-credit insurances, State employees’ insurance, etc. whereby the insurer guarantees to pay a certain amount at certain events.

This insurance is extending rapidly these days.

Miscellaneous Insurance

The property, goods, machine, Furniture, automobiles, valuable articles, etc. can be insured against the damage or destruction due to accident or disappearance due to theft.

There are different forms of insurances for each type of the said property whereby not only property insurance exists but liability insurance and personal injuries are also the insurer.